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Traffic calming is a strategy intended to reduce the impact of motor vehicle traffic on a City street. Usually this strategy is implemented in residential areas. Traffic calming measures can be any combination of roadway modifications, planning features, or traffic control devices that are intended to slow cars down or lower the volume of traffic.
There are three levels of traffic calming:
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The City of Woodland Neighborhood Traffic Management Program is an attempt to reduce the negative aspects of traffic (volumes, speeds, and / or accidents) in residential neighborhoods by preparing a Neighborhood Traffic Management Plan that would implement traffic calming measures. The goal of a Neighborhood Traffic Management Plan is to achieve consensus on what traffic calming measures should be taken on a street.
Traffic calming measures can sometimes be controversial within a neighborhood. This is because traffic calming measures also have negative impacts. Possible negative impacts include, but are not limited to, loss of on-street parking, less convenient access, and increased traffic levels on adjacent streets. A Neighborhood Traffic Management Plan will attempt to balance the negative impacts with the desired objectives of the traffic calming program.
As part of the implementation of the 1996 General Plan, the City has developed a process and a program for the use of traffic calming measurements in both new and existing development areas. On March 16, 1999, the City Council adopted the proposed Neighborhood Traffic Management Program Development Report as a guideline for the installation of traffic calming measures in both new and existing areas. Emergency vehicles can be delayed by traffic calming, therefore, the City has collector streets and arterial roads not suitable for any measures and others not suitable for speed humps.
The City has adopted a multi-step process for the construction of traffic calming features on a public street. Briefly, these steps are as follows: